Beautiful Jekyll is a ready-to-use template to help you create an awesome website quickly. Perfect for personal sites, blogs, or simple project websites.
- You need to have a GitHub account. If you don't have one, sign up here - it takes one minute. This is where your website will live - if you sign up with username
johnsmiththen your website will be
- It would be helpful to understand what Markdown is and how to write it. Markdown is just a way to take a piece of text and format it to look a little nicer. For example, this whole instruction set that you're reading is written in markdown - it's just text with some words being bold/larger/italicized/etc. I recommend taking 5 minutes to learn markdown with this amazingly easy yet useful tutorial.
Build your website in 3 steps
Getting started is literally as easy as 1-2-3 :smile:
Scroll down to see the steps involved, but here is a 40-second video just as a reference as you work through the steps.
1. Fork this repository
(Assuming you are on this page and logged into GitHub) Fork this repository by clicking the Fork button on the top right corner. Forking means that you now copied this whole project and all the files into your account.
2. Rename the repository to
This will create a GitHub User page ready with the Beautiful Jekyll template that will be available at
https://<yourusername>.github.io within a couple minutes. To do this, click on Settings at the top (the cog icon) and there you'll have an option to rename.
3. Customize your website settings
_config.yml file to change all the settings to reflect your site. To edit the file, click on it and then click on the pencil icon (watch the video tutorial above if you're confused). The settings in the file are fairly self-explanatory and I added comments inside the file to help you further. Any line that begins with a pound sign (
#) is a comment, and the rest of the lines are actual settings.
Another way to edit the config file (or any other file) is to use prose.io, which is just a simple interface to allow you to more intuitively edit files or add new files to your project.
After you save your changes to the config file (by clicking on Commit changes as the video tutorial shows), your website should be ready in a minute or two at
https://<yourusername>.github.io. Every time you make a change to any file, your website will get rebuilt and should be updated in about a minute or so.
You can now visit your shiny new website, which will be seeded with several sample blog posts and a couple other pages. Your website is at
<yourusername> with your user name). Do not add
www to the URL - it will not work!
Note: The video above goes through the setup for a user with username
daattalitest. I only edited one setting in the
_config.yml file in the video, but you should actually go through the rest of the settings as well. Don't be lazy, go through all the settings :)
Add your own content
To add pages to your site, you can either write a markdown file (
.md) or you can write an HTML file directly. It is much easier to write markdown than HTML, so I suggest you do that (use the tutorial I mentioned above if you need to learn markdown). You can look at some files on this site to get an idea of how to write markdown. To look at existing files, click on any file that ends in
.md, for example
aboutme.md. On the next page you can see some nicely formatted text (there is a word in bold, a link, bullet points), and if you click on the pencil icon to edit the file, you will see the markdown that generated the pretty text. Very easy!
In contrast, look at
index.html. That's how your write HTML - not as pretty. So stick with markdown if you don't know HTML.
Any file that you add inside the
_posts directory will be treated as a blog entry. You can look at the existing files there to get an idea of how to write blog posts. After you successfully add your own post, you can delete the existing files inside
_posts to remove the sample posts, as those are just demo posts to help you learn.
As mentioned previously, you can use prose.io to add or edit files instead of doing it directly on GitHub, it can be a little easier that way.
Last important thing: YAML front matter ("parameters" for a page)
In order to have your new pages use this template and not just be plain pages, you need to add YAML front matter to the top of each page. This is where you'll give each page some parameters that I made available, such as a title and subtitle. I'll go into more detail about what parameters are available later. If you don't want to use any parameters on your new page (this also means having no title), then use the empty YAML front matter:
If you want to use any parameters, write them between the two lines. For example, you can have this at the top of a page:
--- title: Contact me subtitle: Here you'll find all the ways to get in touch with me ---
You can look at the top of
index.html as more examples.
Important takeaway: ALWAYS add the YAML front matter, which is two lines with three dashes, to EVERY page. If you have any parameters, they go between the two lines.
If you don't include YAML then your file will not use the template.
Beautiful Jekyll is designed to look great on both large-screen and small-screen (mobile) devices. Load up your site on your phone or your gigantic iMac, and the site will work well on both, though it will look slightly different.
Many personalization settings in
_config.yml, such as setting your name and site's description, changing the background colour/image, setting your avatar to add a little image in the navigation bar, customizing the links in the menus, customizing what social media links to show in the footer, etc.
Allowing users to leave comments
If you want to enable comments on your site, Beautiful Jekyll supports either the Disqus comments plugin, Facebook comments, Staticman or just-comments. If any of these are set in the configuration file, then all blog posts will have comments turned on by default. To turn off comments on a particular blog post, add
comments: false to the YAML front matter. If you want to add comments on the bottom of a non-blog page, add
comments: true to the YAML front matter.
To use Disqus, simply sign up to Disqus and add your Disqus shortname to the
disqus parameter in the
To use Facebook comments, create a Facebook app using Facebook developers, and add the Facebook App ID to the
fb_comment_id parameter in
To use Staticman, you first need to invite
staticmanlab as a collaborator to your repository (by going to your repository Settings page, navigate to the Collaborators tab, and add the username
staticmanlab), and then accept the invitation by going to
https://staticman3.herokuapp.com/v3/connect/github/<username>/<repo-name>. Lastly, fill in your
branch in the Staticman section of
To use Just-comments you first need to have an account. After you just need to copy the API key to the just-comments property in
Adding Google Analytics to track page views
Beautiful Jekyll lets you easily add Google Analytics to all your pages. This will let you track all sorts of information about visits to your website, such as how many times each page is viewed and where (geographically) your users come from. To add Google Analytics, simply sign up to Google Analytics to obtain your Google Tracking ID, and add this tracking ID to the
google_analytics parameter in
Sharing blog posts on social media
By default, all blog posts will have buttons at the bottom of the post to allow people to share the current page on Twitter/Facebook/LinkedIn. You can choose to enable/disable specific social media websites in the
_config.yml file. You can also turn off the social media buttons on specific blog posts using
social-share: false in the YAML front matter.
Beautiful Jekyll automatically generates a simple RSS feed of your blog posts, to allow others to subscribe to your posts. If you want to add a link to your RSS feed in the footer of every page, find the
rss: false line in
_config.yml and change it to
- post - To write a blog post, add a markdown or HTML file in the
_postsfolder. As long as you give it YAML front matter (the two lines of three dashes), it will automatically be rendered like a blog post. Look at the existing blog post files to see examples of how to use YAML parameters in blog posts.
- page - Any page outside the
_postsfolder that uses YAML front matter will have a very similar style to blog posts.
- minimal - If you want to create a page with minimal styling (ie. without the bulky navigation bar and footer), assign
layout: minimalto the YAML front matter.
- If you want to completely bypass the template engine and just write your own HTML page, simply omit the YAML front matter. Only do this if you know how to write HTML!
YAML front matter parameters
These are the main parameters you can place inside a page's YAML front matter that Beautiful Jekyll supports.
|title||Page or blog post title|
|subtitle||Short description of page or blog post that goes under the title|
|tags||List of tags to categorize the post. Separate the tags with commas and place them inside square brackets. Example:
|bigimg||Include a large full-width image at the top of the page. You can either give the path to a single image, or provide a list of images to cycle through (see my personal website as an example).|
|comments||If you want do add comments to a specific page, use
|show-avatar||If you have an avatar configured in the
|image||If you want to add a personalized image to your blog post that will show up next to the post's excerpt and on the post itself, use
|share-img||If you want to specify an image to use when sharing the page on Facebook or Twitter, then provide the image's full URL here.|
|social-share||If you don't want to show buttons to share a blog post on social media, use
|use-site-title||If you want to use the site title rather than page title as HTML document title (ie. browser tab title), use
|layout||What type of page this is (default is
|css||List of local CSS files to include in the page|
|ext-css||List of external CSS files to include in the page. External CSS files using SRI (see
|googlefonts||List of Google fonts to include in the page (eg.
|gh-repo||If you want to show GitHub buttons at the top of a post, this sets the GitHub repo name (eg.
|gh-badge||Select which GitHub buttons to display, available options are: [star, watch, fork, follow]. You must also use the
Advanced features (including how to use a custom URL address for your site)
I wrote a blog post describing some more advanced features that I used in my website that are applicable to any Jekyll site. It describes how I used a custom URL for my site (deanattali.com instead of daattali.github.io), how to add a Google-powered search into your site, and provides a few more details about having an RSS feed.
Creating a User Page vs a Project Page
If you're not sure what the difference is, you can probably safely ignore this section.
If you want to use this theme to host a website that will be available at
https://YOURUSERNAME.github.io, then you do not need to read this section. That is called a User Page, you can only have one User Page in your GitHub account, and it is what you get by default when forking this project.
If you want to use this theme to create a website for a particular repository, it will be available at
https://YOURUSERNAME.github.io/REPONAME, and that is called a Project Page. You can have a Project Page for each repository you have on GitHub. There are two important things to note when creating a project page:
- In the configuration file (
_config.yml), you should set
- Project Pages are served from a branch named
gh-pages, and you should be generating all the website content on that branch. When you fork Beautiful Jekyll, you'll already have a
gh-pagesbranch but you should delete it and generate it again from the
masterbranch. The reason is that the
gh-pagesbranch in its current form does not have the updated code of Beautiful Jekyll, so you need to create that branch from the
masterbranch (which is where all my new features and work go into).